White rice consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes

A total of 13 284 incident cases of type 2 diabetes were ascertained among 352 384 participants with follow-up periods ranging from 4 to 22 years. Asian and Western people were included. Asian (Chinese and Japanese) populations had much higher white rice consumption levels than did Western populations (average intake levels were three to four servings/day versus one to two servings/week). Higher consumption of white rice was shown to be associated with a significantly increased risk of type 2 diabetes. This association seemed to be stronger for Asians than for Western populations. A dose-response analysis showed that each serving per day of white rice consumption was associated with an 11% increase in risk of diabetes in the overall population.

White rice consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: meta-analysis and systematic review. BMJ 2012; 344doi: 10.1136/bmj.e1454 (Published 15 March 2012)

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